The influence of job insecurity and person-job fit on turnover intention mediated by job satisfaction
Keywords:Job Insecurity, Person-Job Fit, Turnover Intention, Job Satisfaction
This study aims to examine and analyze the influence of job insecurity and person-job fit on turnover intention mediated by job satisfaction. The population of this study are permanent and contract employees of Pamella 6 and 7 Supermarket Yogyakarta, with the number of 148 people. From a total of 148 employees from management to subordinates, 108 employees of Pamella 6 and 7 Supermarket Yogyakarta become the research sample. The data analysis used in this study is path analysis using Partial Least Square (PLS). The results of this study prove that: (1) Job insecurity negatively and significantly influences job satisfaction of employees in Pamella 6 and 7 Supermarket Yogyakarta; (2) Person-job fit positively and significantly influences job satisfaction of employees in Pamella 6 and 7 Supermarket Yogyakarta; (3) Job satisfaction negatively and significantly influences turnover intention of employees in Pamella 6 and 7 Supermarket Yogyakarta; (4) Job satisfaction is able to mediate the relationship between job insecurity and turnover intention of employees in Pamella 6 and 7 Supermarket Yogyakarta; and (5) Job satisfaction is able to mediate the relationship between person-job fit and turnover intention of employees in Pamella 6 and 7 Supermarket Yogyakarta.
Abbas, A., Haseeb, S., Shah, A., & Deen, K. A. (2015). The Effect of Person-Environment Fit on Turnover Intentions of Employees with the Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction in Banking Sector of Pakistan. European Journal of Business and Management, 7(31), 47-61.
Adkins, C. L., Webel, J. D., & Farh, J. L. (2001). A Field Study of Job Insecurity During A Financial Crisis. Journal of Group and Organizational Management, 26(4), 463-483. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601101264004
Aladwan, K., Bhanugopan, R., & Fish, A. (2013). Why do employees jump ship? Examining intent to quit employment in a non-western cultural context. Employee Relations, 35(4), 408-422.
Ashford, S. J., Lee, C., & Bobko, P. (1989). Content, Causes, and Consequences of Job Insecurity: A Theory Based Measure and Substantive Test. Academy of Management Journal, 32(4), 803-829. https://doi.org/10.2307/256569
Balz, A., & Schuller, K. (2018). Always looking for something better? The impact of job insecurity on turnover intentions: Do employables and irreplaceables react differently?. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 42(1), 142-159. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143831x18757058
Berisha, G., & Lajci, R. (2020). Fit to Last? Investigating How Person-Job Fit and Person-Organization Fit Affect Turnover Intention in the Retail Context. Organizations and Markets in Emerging Economies, 11, 2(22), 407–428. https://doi.org/10.15388/omee.2020.11.40
Bothma, F. C., & Roodt, G. (2012). Work-based identity and work engagement as potential antecedents of task performance and turnover intention: Unravelling a complex relationship. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 38(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v38i1.893
Brahmannanda, S., & Dewi, I. M. (2020). Work Insecurity and Compensation on Turnover Intention Mediated by The Job Satisfaction of Employees. International Research Journal of Management, IT & Social Sciences, 7(5), 89-98. https://doi.org/10.21744/irjmis.v7n5.974
Brief, A. P., & Weiss, H. M. (2002). Organizational Behavior: Affect ini the Workplace. Annual Review of Psychology, 53(1), 279–307.
De Witte, H. (2005). Job Insecurity: Review Of The International Literature On Definition, Prevalence, Antecedent And Consequences. Journal of Industrial psychology, 31(4), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v31i4.200
Edwards, J. R. (1991). Person-job fit: A conceptual integration, literature review, and methodological critique. International review of industrial and organizational psychology, 6, 283–357.
Elst, T. V., De Witte, H., & De Cuyper, N. (2013). The Job Insecurity Scale: A psychometric evaluation across five European countries. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 23(3), 364–380. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432x.2012.745989
Fah, B. C. Y., Foon, Y. S., Leong, L. C., & Osman, S. (2010). An Exploratory Study on Turnover Intention among Private Sector Employees. International Journal of Business and Management, 5(8), 57-64.
Greenhalgh, L., & Rosenblatt, Z. (1984). Job Insecurity: Toward Conceptual Clarity. Academy of Management Review, 9(3), 438-448.
Hassan, M., Akram, A., & Naz, S. (2012). The relationship between person organization fit, person job-fit and turnover intention in banking sector of Pakistan: The mediating role of psychological climate. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 2(3), 172-188. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v2i3.2286
Heryanda, K. K. (2019). The Effect of Job Insecurity on Turnover Intention Through Work Satisfaction in Employees of Pt Telkom Access Singaraja. International Journal of Social Science and Business, 3(3), 198-205.
Kang, D. S., Jeef, G., & Kim, D. (2012). Reponses to job insecurity the impact on discretionary extra-role and impression management behaviours and the moderating role of employability. Journal Carrer Development International, 17(4), 314-332. https://doi.org/10.1108/13620431211255815
Kehoe, R. R., & Wright, P. M. (2013). The Impact of High-Performance Human Resource Practices on Employees’ Attitudes and Behaviors. Journal of Management, 39(2), 366–391 https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206310365901
Kreitner, R., & Kinicki, A. (2009). Organizational Behavior, 9th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc.
Lauver, K. J., & Kristof-Brown, A. (2001). Distinguishing between Employees’ Perceptions of Person–Job and Person–Organization Fit. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 59(3), 454–470. https://doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.2001.1807
Lim, S., Lee, K. H., & Bee, K. H. (2019). Distinguishing Motivational Traits between Person-Organization Fit and Person-Job Fit: Testing the Moderating Effects of Extrinsic Rewards in Enhancing Public Employee Job Satisfaction. International Journal of Public Administration, 42(12), 1040-1054. https://doi.org/10.1080/01900692.2019.1575665
Luthans, F. (2015). Organizational Behavior, 10th Edition. Alih Bahasa: Vivin Andhika, dkk. Yogyakarta: Andi.
Mathias, L. R., & Jackson, H. J. (2001). Manajemen sumber daya manusia. Jakarta: PT. Salemba Empat
Mello, J. A. (2002). Strategic Human Resource Management. South Western: Thomson Learning.
Mobley,W. H. (2011). Pergantian Karyawan: Sebab, Akibat dan Pengendaliannya. Alih Bahasa: Nurul Imam. Jakarta: PT Pustaka Binaman Pressindo.
Ouyang, Z., Sang, J., Li, P., & Peng, J. (2015). Organizational justice and job insecurity as mediators of the effect of emotional intelligence on job satisfaction: A study from China. Personality and Individual Differences, 76, 147-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.004
Peng, Y., & Mao, C. (2014). The Impact of Person–Job Fit on Job Satisfaction: The Mediator Role of Self Efficacy. Social Indicators Research, 121(3), 805-813. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-014-0659-x
Robbins, S. P., & Judge T. A. (2017). Organizational Behavior, 17th Edition. England: Pearson Education Limited.
Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2018). Essentials of Organizational Behavior, 14th Edition. England: Pearson Education Limited
Rowntree, D. (2005). Educational Technology in Curriculum Development. Great Britain: Harper and Row.
Spector, P. E. (2003). Industrial organizational psychology research and practice. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
Susilo, J., & Satrya, I. G. B. H. (2019). Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Turnover Intention Yang Dimediasi Oleh Komitmen Organisasional Karyawan Kontrak. E-Jurnal Manajemen, 8 (6), 3700-3729.
Takase, M., Teraoka, S., & Kousuke, Y. (2015). Investigating The Adequacy of The Competence-Turnover Intention Model: How Does Nursing Competence Affect Nurses’ Turnover Intention?. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 24(5–6), 805–816. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12711
Tett, R. P., & Meyer, J. P. (1993). Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention, and turnover: Path analyses based on meta-analytic findings. Personnel Psychology, 46, 259-293.
Youcef, S., Ahmed, S. S., & Ahmed, B. (2016). The Impact of Job Satisfaction on Turnover Intention by the Existence of Organizational Commitment, and Intent to Stay as Intermediates Variables Using approach PLS in Sample Worker Department of Transport Saida. Management, 6(6), 198–202. https://doi.org/10.5923/j.mm.20160606.03
Zheng, X., Diaz, I., Tang, N., & Tang, K. (2014). Job insecurity and job satisfaction. Career Development International, 19(4), 426–446. https://doi.org/10.1108/cdi-10-2013-0121
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Nur Laeli Masykuroh, Muafi Muafi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
© 2023 retained by the authors. Licensee BSC International Academy, Istanbul, Turkey. This article is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).